In Japan, the angle of salute depends on the From The Heart - Armed Forces (4) - Armed Forces (Vinyl. Armed Forces. In the Maritime Self-Defense Forces, the salute is a 45 degree angle because of the narrowness of a ship's interior spaces. To prevent a member's elbow from hitting other members, subordinates may be given approval to not salute in a corridor inside the ship.
Furthermore, in all the branches, if a member is not wearing their cap, then they should salute by bowing 10 degrees. In Pakistanthe salute is generally identical to that of British armed forces. Salute is given with the right hand palm facing forward and fingers slightly touching the right side of the forehead, but not on the forehead.
The salute must be performed by the lower rank officials to the higher rank officials under all conditions except when the higher rank official is not in uniform or if the lower rank official is the driver and the vehicle is in motion.
In Polish military forces, military men use two fingers to salute, and when they wear headdress including helmet because soldiers are supposed to salute to the Coat of Arms on the military headdress, out of respect to the national symbols This is called the Two-finger salute.
There are some exceptions in Polish regulations when salute is not demonstrated, for instance after proclaiming alert in military unit area. As above, salute is marking respect for higher rank or command. Salutes are similar to those of the Royal Navy. The official instruction for stationary salute states: "The right hand is quickly raised straight up to the headgear.
The fingers straight but not stiff next to each other, the little finger edge facing forward. One or two finger tips lightly resting against the right part of the head gear visorso that the hand does not obstruct the eye.
The wrist straight, the elbow angled forward and slightly lower than the shoulder. Hand salutes are performed only when carrying head gear, if bare headed normally only indoors a swift turning of the head towards the person that is being saluted is made instead. The same applies if the right hand is carrying any item that cannot easily be transferred to the left hand. During inspections and when on guard duty, the salute is made by coming to attention. Drivers of moving vehicles never salute.
In formations, only the commander salutes. Swiss soldiers are required to salute any higher-ranking military personnel whenever they encounter them. When the soldier announces to a higher-ranking person he has to state the superior's rank, his rank and his name.
When a military formation encounters a superior, it has to state the name of the formation. The salute is given like that of the British navy with the palm pointing towards the shoulder, the tips of the fingers pointing towards the temple. Within the Turkish military hand salutes are only given when a cover protection for the head, usually a hat is worn.
If head is not covered or when the personnel is carrying a rifle on the shoulder the head salute is performed by nodding the head forward slightly while maintaining erect posture. The salute hand or head must be performed first by the lower ranking personnel to the higher ranking personnel, and higher official is expected to return the salute, under all conditions except:.
Despite of the rank, casket of a martyr personnel while in transport or on stand has to be saluted by all ranks of personnel. Within United States' military, the salute is a courteous exchange of greetings, with the HDB individual salute, the head and eyes are turned toward the Colors or person saluted.
Military personnel in uniform are required to salute when they meet and recognize persons entitled to a salute, except when it is inappropriate or impractical in public conveyances such as planes and buses, in public places such as inside theaters, or when driving a vehicle. It is believed that the U. This difference may date back to the days of sailing ships, when tar and pitch were used to seal the timber from seawater. During such times, was considered undignified to present a dirty palm in the salute, so the hand was turned through 90 degrees.
Specifically, a proper salute goes as follows: Raise the right hand sharply, fingers and thumb extended and joined, palm facing down, and place the tip of the right forefinger on the rim of the visor, slightly to the right of the eye.
The outer edge of the hand is barely canted downward so Album) neither the back of the hand nor the palm is clearly visible from the front. The hand and wrist are straight, the elbow inclined slightly forward, and the upper arm is horizontal. The United States Army and United States Air Force give salutes both covered and uncovered, but saluting indoors is forbidden except when formally reporting to a superior officer or during an indoor ceremony.
When outdoors, a cover is to be worn at all times when wearing Army Combat Uniformsbut is not required when wearing physical training PT gear. State Defense Forces SDF ; also known as state militarystate guardsstate militiasor state military reserves in the United States are military units that operate under the sole authority of a state government.
State defense forces are authorized by state and federal law and are under the command of the governor of each state. State defense forces soldiers are subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice. The Zogist salute is a military salute that was instituted by Zog I of Albania. It is a gesture whereby the right hand is placed over the heart, with the palm facing downwards.
It was first widely used by Zog's personal police force and was later adopted by the Royal Albanian Army. In Mexico, a salute similar to the Zogist one is rendered by Mexican civilians during the playing of the Mexican national anthem. Most police forces salute similar to the Canadian Armed Forces standard, with the exception of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Royal Newfoundland Constabularywhich follow the British Army standard of saluting with the full palm facing forward, touching the brim of the hat, if worn.
Similar salutes are used by guards of honour for non-police services e. Personnel stationed with the People's Liberation Army in Hong Kong salute From The Heart - Armed Forces (4) - Armed Forces (Vinyl the Chinese military standards and similar to those used by the Royal Navy. John Ambulance all follow the same military salutes due to their ties with the British Armed Forces. In the United States, civilian military auxiliaries such as the Civil Air Patrol are required to salute all commissioned and warrant officers of higher rank and return the salute of those with lower ranks of the U.
Public Health Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps senior in rank to them, as well as all friendly foreign officers, though military members are not required to reciprocate they may salute voluntarily if they choose. CAP officers are required to salute one another though this is not uniformly observed throughout the CAP. The U.
Coast Guard Auxiliary requires its members to salute all commissioned and warrant officers of higher rank and return the salute of those with lower ranks; since Auxiliarists hold "office" rather than "grade" indicated by modified military insigniaall Auxiliarists are required to perform this courtesy.
Saluting between Auxiliarists is not usually the custom, but is not out of protocol to do so. In Indonesiaexecuting a salute is also regulated for civilians according to the Constitution of Indonesia. The salute gesture for Civilians in civilian clothing are to stand upright in their respective positions with perfect posture, straightening their arms down, clenching palms, and thumbs facing forward against the thighs with a straight ahead gaze.
In Iran a salute similar to the United States is given. In Latin America, except in Mexico, a salute similar to the United States flag salute is used, with the hand over the heart. In the Philippines, civilians salute to the national flag during flag raising and upon hearing the Philippine National Anthem by standing at attention and doing the same hand-to-heart salute as their American, Italian, Nigerian, and South African counterparts. Members of the Armed Forces of the Philippinesthe Philippine National PolicePhilippine Coast Guardsecurity guards, Boy Scouts of the PhilippinesGirl Scouts of the Philippinesincluding citizens military training, and sometimes airline pilots and civilian ship crews, meanwhile do the traditional military salutes if they are in uniform on duty; off-duty personnel do the hand-to-heart salutes.
During the Martial Law years from — up to the EDSA Revolutionthe "raised clenched fist" salute was done during the singing and playing of the National Anthem by some groups. People whose faith or religious beliefs prohibit them from singing the anthem or reciting the patriotic pledge such as Jehovah's Witnesses are exempted from doing the salutes but are still required to show full respect when the anthem is being sung or played on record by standing at attention and not engaging in disruptive activities.
Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts meanwhile have their own form of salutes. The Roman salute is a gesture in which the arm is held out forward straight, with palm down and fingers extended straight and touching. Sometimes the arm is raised upward at an angle, sometimes it is held out parallel to the ground. A well known symbol of Fascismit is commonly perceived to be based on a classical Roman custom.
Beginning with Jacques-Louis David 's painting The Oath of the Horatiian association of the gesture with Roman republican and imperial culture emerged through 18th-century French art. The Bellamy salute was a similar gesture and was the civilian salute of the United States from to In Germany showing the Roman salute is today prohibited by law. Those rendering similar salutes, for example raising the left instead of the right hand, or raising only three fingers, are liable to prosecution.
According to SOPs standard operating procedures of most airlines, the ground crew that handles departure of an aircraft from a gate such handling normally includes: disconnecting of required for engine start pneumatic generators or aircraft power and ventilation utilities, aircraft push-back, icing inspection, etc. Captain normally returns the salute. Since a large percentage of airline pilots are ex-military pilots, this practice was transferred to the airline industry from the military.
Exactly the same saluting practice is appropriate to most military aircraft operations, including Air Force, Navy and Army. It is used to express the unity of God "there is no god but God". The raised clenched fistsymbolizing unity in struggle, was popularized in the 19th century by the socialistcommunist and anarchist movements, and is still used today.
In the United States, the raised fist was associated with the Black Power movement, symbolized in the Olympics Black Power salute ; a clenched-fist salute is also proper in many African nations, including South Africa. However, the two salutes are somewhat different: in the Black Power salute, the arm is held straight, while in the salute of leftist movements the arm is bent slightly at the elbow.
Many different gestures are used throughout the world as simple greetings. In Western cultures the handshake is very common, though it has numerous subtle variations in the strength of grip, the vigour of the shake, the dominant position of one hand over the other, and whether or not the left hand is used.
Historically, when men normally wore hats out of doors, male greetings to people they knew, and sometimes those they did not, involved touching, raising slightly "tipping"or removing their hat in a variety of gestures, see hat tip.
This basic gesture remained normal in very many situations from the Middle Ages until men typically ceased wearing hats in the midth century. Hat-raising began with an element of recognition of superiority, where only the socially inferior party might perform it, but gradually lost this element; King Louis XIV of France made a point of at least touching his hat to all women he encountered.
However the gesture was never used by women, for whom their head-covering included considerations of modesty. When a man was not wearing a hat he might touch his hair to the side of the front of his head to replicate a hat tipping gesture.
This was typically performed by lower-class men to social superiors, such as peasants to the land-owner, and is known as "tugging the forelock", which still sometimes occurs as a metaphor for submissive behaviour. In Europe, the formal style of upper-class greeting used by a man to a woman in the Early Modern Period was to hold the woman's presented hand usually the right with his right hand and kiss it while bowing, see hand-kissing and kissing hands.
This style has not been widespread for a century or more. In cases of a low degree of intimacy, the hand is held but not kissed. The ultra-formal style, with the man's right knee on the floor, is now only used in marriage proposalsas a romantic gesture.
The Arabic term salaam literally "peace", from the spoken greeting that accompanies the gesturerefers to the practice of placing the right palm on the heart, before and after a handshake.
The gesture may be used on meeting and parting, and when offering thanks or apologies. In India, it is common to see the Namaste greeting or "Sat Sri Akal" for Sikhs where the palms of the hands are pressed together and held near the heart with the head gently bowed. Adabmeaning respect and politeness, is a hand gesture used as a Muslim greeting of south Asian Muslims, especially of Urdu-speaking communities of Uttar PradeshHyderabadi Muslims, Bengali Muslims and Muhajir people of Pakistan, Album).
The gesture involves raising the right hand towards the face with palm inwards such that it is in front of the eyes and the finger tips are almost touching the forehead, as the upper torso is bent forward. It is often answered with the same or the word " Tasleem " is said as an answer or sometimes it is answered with Album) facial gesture of acceptance. In Indonesia, a nation with a huge variety of cultures and religions, many greetings are expressed, from the formalized greeting of the highly stratified and hierarchical Javanese to the more egalitarian and practical greetings of outer islands.
Javanese, Batak and other ethnicities currently or formerly involved in the armed forces will salute a Government-employed superior, and follow with a deep bow from the waist or short nod of the head and a passing, loose handshake. Hand position is highly important; the superior's hand must be higher than the inferior's. Muslim men will clasp both hands, palms together at the chest and utter the correct Islamic slametan greeting phrase, which may be followed by cheek-to-cheek contact, a quick hug or loose handshake.
Pious Muslim women rotate their hands from a vertical to perpendicular prayer-like position in order to barely touch the finger tips of the male greeter and may opt out of the cheek-to-cheek contact. If the male is an Abdi Dalem royal servant, courtier or particularly "peko-peko" taken directly from Japanese to mean obsequious or even a highly formal individual, he will retreat backwards with head downcast, the left arm crossed against the chest and the right arm hanging down, never showing his side or back to his superior.
His head must always be lower than that of his superior. Younger Muslim males and females will clasp their elder's or superior's outstretched hand to the forehead as a sign of respect and obeisance. If a manual worker or a person with obviously dirty hands salutes or greets an elder or superior, he will show deference to his superior and avoid contact by bowing, touching the right forehead in a very quick salute or a distant "slamet" gesture.
The traditional Javanese Sungkem involves clasping the palms of both hands together, aligning the thumbs with the nose, turning the head downwards and bowing deeply, bending from the knees.
In a royal presence, the one performing sungkem would kneel at the base of the throne. A gesture called a wai is used in Thailand, where the hands are placed together palm to palm, approximately at nose level, while bowing. The wai is similar in form to the gesture referred to by the Japanese term gassho by Buddhists.
In Thailand, the men and women would usually press two palms together and bow a little while saying "Sawadee ka" female speaker or "Sawadee krap" male speaker. Some cultures use hugs and kisses regardless of the sex of the greetersbut those gestures show an existing degree of intimacy and are not used between total strangers. All of these gestures are being supplemented or completely displaced by the handshake in areas with large amounts of business contact with the West.
These bows indicate respect and acknowledgment of social rank, but do not necessarily imply obeisance. An obeisance is a gesture not only of respect but also of submission. Such gestures are rarer in cultures that do not have strong class structures; citizens of the Western World, for example, often react with hostility to the idea of bowing to an authority figure. However, even in Western societies, those retaining vestiges of once rigid social hierarchy may retain the practice on formal occasions.
Two examples in England are royal court protocol and the start and end of sittings of courts of justice. After his conquest of PersiaAlexander the Great introduced Persian etiquette into his own court, including the practice of proskynesis. Visitors, depending on their ranks, would have to prostrate themselves, bow to, kneel in front of, or kiss the king.
I was not quite 24 and thought I knew it all. It paints an unflattering picture of the whole courtship dance. The bridge makes passing reference to a speech from Charlie Chaplin's The Great Dictator "He's an unnatural man"but other than that had nothing to do with 20th Century history.
Musically, I think the clicking guitar part came from listening to early Talking Heads records. As a teenager I'd grown up reading magazine articles about radical student politics in the '60s. At times we seemed only to encounter uncomprehending hedonism or braying superficiality. I could only imagine such people sliding blithely into some repressive future. Either that or they might find an excellent career in advertising.
I wasn't feeling very reasonable or reasoned in my arguments. I was as normal as Album) young idiot suddenly thrust into the charts and onto the cover of periodicals while being spoken about with exaggerated awe. If I seemed a little self-absorbed at the time, then I have to say that much duller songs have been written on the subject. The oddest and most overwrought is " Goon Squad.
Added to this was a guitar figure that seems to imitate a very early record by the New York group Television. Nick Lowe's inspired suggestion — a highly amplified whisper of the title line, as if "Goon Squad" were the name of a kitsch '60s television show — provided a much-needed element of black comedy.
Like " Pump It Up ," it began as a reaction to the brutal and violent atmosphere of many U. Replace that "you" in the second to last line with a more truthful "me" and you've pretty much got the picture. The verse concludes: "Thinking up the alibis that everyone's forgotten Just another Mummy's boy gone to rotten". This was the first record that I had written with an acute awareness of an "audience. I had left my family home and was living a totally willful life with little sense of gravity.
I surrendered to temptation, committed selfish acts of betrayal, and destroyed any possibility of trust and reconciliation in my marriage.
Now whispered persuasions, ultimatums, and the closing time seductions passed for an emotional life. I was looking to discourage admiration and flirting with a sort of controlled fall from grace. As the words of " Big Boys " state: "I am starting to function in the usual, everything is so provocative, very, very temporary. These misadventures inspired the heartless apology and barely coded confession of " Accidents Will Happen " as well as the wish fulfillment of " Party Girl.
I found our meeting reported in the tatty gossip of a Mid-Western newspaper. I was handed the improbable role of "rock star" and certain assumptions were made about the character of the girl in the title. Some small kindness and tenderness passed between us, I could do no more than resent the portrayal and offer this apology.
The song is not so much "hopelessly romantic" as simultaneously romantic and without hope. The origin of " Oliver's Army " is easier to explain. I made my first trip to Belfast in and saw mere boys walking around in battle dress with automatic weapons. They were no longer just on the evening news. These snapshot experiences exploded into visions of mercenaries and imperial armies marauding around the world. The song was based on the premise: "they always get a working class boy to do the killing.
I pretty much had the song sketched out on the plane back to London. Another song that contained thoughts of class and nation was " Sunday's Best ," a slick little waltz that I had originally written for Ian Dury or at least in something approaching his style. The bewildered, xenophobic narrator was the kind of pathetic character that might have invited some pity in Ian's hands. The band regrouped after being "kicked out" by the owners of the house they were recording in and began recording at Rolling Thunder studios until the band left to perform a couple of summer shows in Canada and Japan, where they premiered several songs live.
The recording process of the album eventually lasted from January to Augustwith an additional mixing and mastering period lasting until October. The three initially believed their legitimacy would be in question due to the humor-oriented nature of their earlier recordings, to which Smith responded, "Nobody knows what kind of songs you are going to write in the future and nobody knows the full potential of any band.
I really like the music you sent me. As the record neared completion by Augustthe band performed for a short time for the armed forces in the Middle East and premiered more new songs at their Reading and Leeds sets.
Mark Hoppus stated that the album was so "personal to all three of us that we really wanted to be involved in every aspect of it. I was smoking just enough weed and taking just enough pills. While still rooted in pop punkUntitled finds the band expanding their sonic template with darker, restless songs.
The goal for Untitled was continuity: each song develops lyrically like chapters in a book, and songs segue into one another to present a cohesive feel instead of a regular collection of tracks. So I'd see all this and wonder where he was at, and then we'd have to go into the next room and sing or finish writing lyrics.
I think it affected our moods throughout the day. It was really cool", said DeLonge. Critics agreed that this album represents a more "mature" Blink,  hence the absence of songs with toilet humour or jokes for which the band had been known. The album is lyrically consumed with sorrow and uncertainty about the world. While past recordings tended to meditate on feelings from high school, the band felt it was akin to a safety net and desired to write about "what's going on […] right now.
DeLonge would routinely rewrite his sections upwards of four times. The record opens with " Feeling This ", which features flanged drums and an unconventional "syncopated Latin -flavored backbeat and a harmony -rich chorus" following a series of "half-barked" vocals. In interviews and the liner notes for BlinkBarker reveals that the line was directed towards his then girlfriend, Shanna Moakler.
The drum fills for the song were recorded separately than the rest of the tracks, with the tape machines "sped up and super compressed", then played back at normal speed, to sound really "deep and gigantic", according to Hoppus in the liner notes for Blink It is a near-instrumental recorded with Sick Jacken of hip-hop band Psycho Realm.
The song was inspired by DeLonge's self-admitted "paranoia" regarding the future and how war and famine could affect it. Finn was in love with a female classmate, Holly, who invited him over, only to have her and her friend drench him with a hose; humiliated, he rode home on his bicycle.
Barker described the idea for the percussion combination as "something we always wanted to do, but never got around to" and believed the song sounded like Pink Floyd or Failure.
Its subject matter continues the theme of complicated miscommunication and fading love. Due to some contradicting sources, the title of the album or lack thereof is debated. Travis Barker, in his memoir Can I Saywrites that "Some people think it's a self titled album, called Blinkbut Mark [Hoppus] has always insisted it was actually untitled.
To support the new album, Blink created an entirely new logo, a "smiley face" with Xs for each eye and five arrows on the left side of its face. Barker wanted to brand an icon for the band: "It just had to be a cool kind of happy face but I wanted arrows.
You know, like The Jam were my favorite band, they always had arrows in their logos and stuff. It was just kind of inspired by pop-art. There were smiley-face stickers and posters all over Los Angeles, and that was his idea. It was cool to feel like Blink had a dangerous side", Barker later remembered.
It's an art, you've got to look at it like an art, treat it like an art, and then you'll get the best product in the long run. Promotion for the record included a " golden ticket " contest — the prize being a private Blink show for the winner. The band picked "Feeling This" as the first single because it was representative of the transition the band had undergone since Take Off Your Pants and Jacket. Like we would always call it 'Feeling This' and then someone at our label, I think, like wrote it as 'Action' one time and sent out singles to people.
And it was always supposed to be 'Feeling This'. Despite briefly considering "Easy Target" to be released as the album's third single, " Down " was released instead. In response to the idea of "All of This" becoming a possible single, DeLonge joked "We would love it because it's a bad-ass song, and The Cure 's Robert Smith sings on it, and that makes us cooler than everybody else.
The album received generally favorable reviews by music critics. Her review regards Blink as "more experimental and harder-hitting than anything else [the band] has done". The band's decision in favor of more mature material was received positively by many critics; Tim Newbound of Soul Shine Magazine wrote that "Blink show that they can retain their infectious and endearing qualities while recording music of a more thoughtful calibre.
Blink is growing up, not growing stale. And in a career littered with songs about awkward moments, their latest is a dork classic. Club 's Stephen Thompson believed "The disc [does] meander in spots, and its most achingly sincere love songs become cloying. The album debuted at number three on the US Billboard chart, with first-week sales ofcopies. Naked by The Beatles number five. The album was certified by the RIAA as platinum for shipments of over one million copies in although it has since sold over 2.
Blink announced their first tour in support of Untitled on October 17,named the DollaBill Tour. DeLonge explained the first return to small venues in several years in the initial press release for the tour: "For years we played in small clubs and that's where you can really connect with your fans.
Although the band had planned for a U. Hoppus had initially had difficulty accepting the group's new direction. The Los Angeles Times referred to Untitled as the band's "underrated masterwork,"  writing that the record is generally considered by "fans, critics and band members alike as its best work, Blink's answer to Pet Sounds or Sgt.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. It was a perfect happy medium, and it's the Blink album that Mark, Tom, and I are most proud of. The band celebrated the tenth anniversary of the album by performing it in full in November After a pair of Hollywood Palladium shows sold out in a record 32 seconds,  the band added three additional dates at The Wiltern in Los Angeles, which also sold out. Per the Blink liner notes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Pop punk alternative rock. Like me sitting in fucking San Diego seeing rich people drive their nice cars and go to their nice houses doesn't do shit for me. During production, the band used a vintage microphone and played the recordings into a shower to achieve unique reverb.
MTV News. Retrieved January 23, The New York Times.
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